Combat gauze effectively stops bleeding in haemorrhagic shock cases
In a recent study, combat gauze was found to stop 100% of bleeding in subjects experiencing the symptoms of haemorrhagic shock.
Combat gauze is most often used by the military, and law enforcement agencies to treat traumatic injuries. In this study, the researchers' goal was to see the effect that combat gauze has in severe acidosis and coagulopathy. Anaesthetised swine underwent 35% blood volume haemorrhage, followed by a 50-minute aortic injury and a six-hour resuscitation process. Researchers then treated the injuries with rotational thromboelastography using either combat gauze, which was impregnated with kaolin, or regular surgical gauze.
The surgical gauze failed by 100% on the first application and worked once on the second application. The combat gauze achieved hemostasis 93% of the time on the first application and 100% on the second application. Combat gauze appears to maintain its efficiency even if the patient is experiencing severe acidosis and coagulopathy.
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Image: Bleeding police. Credit: http://underclassrising.net on Flickr.